One of the most asked questions that I get is “Before the low FODMAP diet, I used to eat x. What is a low FODMAP swap for that“. In some cases, it is very easy to name a replacement, but in some cases it is a little more nuanced.
For example: gluten-free bread is a good replacement for wheat bread, but not all gluten-free bread is low FODMAP. In this blog, I have listed 20 low FODMAP swaps for products and ingredients that you use often in meals.
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Except for onion and garlic, all herbs and spices are low FODMAP. You can use lots of fresh or dried herbs to give your low FODMAP meals flavour.
If you want to use a spices mix, it is important to check if no onion and garlic has been added. You can also use a low FODMAP spices mix, such as FODY’s spices mixes.
In the Netherlands, you sometimes see only “spices” listed on an ingredient list. If this is not further specified, it might be that the spices contain garlic or onion powder.
The only way to find this out, is by contacting the producer. I always advise to not take the product if you are not sure what the spices are.
|Onion||Spring onion (the green part), leek (the green part), chives, asafoetida, onion-infused olive oil|
|Garlic||Garlic-infused olive oil|
|Asian sauces||Shiro miso paste, soy sauce*, tamari, fish sauce, oyster sauce|
|Stock for soups||Low FODMAP stock, such as FODY’s chicken soup base and vegetable soup base|
|Honey||Maple syrup, rice syrup, sugar|
*Soy sauce contains a little bit of wheat. For most people this will be fine, but if you are very sensitive to wheat you can use a gluten-free soy sauce or tamari instead.
Spring onion and chives are great replacements for onion. When you use normal onion, you usually add this in the beginning when you are cooking.
When you use spring onion or chives, you can best add them at the end to get the most of the flavour out of it. Asafoetida is also an often used replacement for an onion flavour.
I have never used this myself because I was never a huge fan of onion and I don’t really miss it, but I have heard several fodmappers that love it. Another option to replace onion is an onion-infused olive oil, such as this shallot-infused olive oil from FODY.
You can swap garlic for garlic infused oil. Because FODMAPs are not oil soluble (they are water soluble), you can make garlic infused oil. You simply heat some oil in a pan.
When the oil is hot, you add a few cloves of garlic and fry them for a few minutes. Then you remove the garlic from the oil and use the oil in your recipe. This creates oil with a garlic flavour, without the FODMAPs!
You can also buy a garlic-infused oil. I really like this garlic-infused olive oil from FODY. Just make sure that you don’t buy oil that has tiny pieces of garlic in it, otherwise you can accidentally add the pieces of garlic to your meal and make your meal high in FODMAPs.
Honey is often used in healthier sweet recipes as a sugar replacement. You can swap honey for rice syrup or maple syrup. Normal sugar is also low FODMAP.
Low FODMAP swaps for dairy products
|Milk||Lactose-free milk, oat milk (125 ml), rice milk (200 ml),|
almond milk (240 ml), coconut milk (120 ml)
|Yoghurt||Lactose-free yoghurt, coconut yoghurt (125 ml)|
|Creme fraiche or sour cream||Lactose-free creme fraiche or sour cream|
|Cream cheese||Lactose-free cream cheese|
Dutch yellow cheeses (that we eat a lot here in the Netherlands) or other hard cheeses, such as Gouda cheese are low FODMAP because only contain traces of lactose. Next to that, there are more kinds of cheese that are low FODMAP.
Cheeses, such as brie, feta, camembert and mozzarella are also allowed during the low FODMAP diet. These cheeses only contain a small amount of lactose and most people with a lactose-intolerance can tolerate them.
Low FODMAP servings for dairy products are based on the amount of lactose that most people with a lactose intolerance will tolerate. It is important to test for yourself how much lactose you tolerate.
This might be a little less (or more!) than the recommended serving size from Monash University.
|Bread||Sourdough spelt bread or gluten-free low FODMAP bread (several breads from Schär are low FODMAP for example)|
|Tortillas||Homemade tortillas or corn tortillas|
|Pitta breads||Gluten-free pitta breads (I use the brand Genius)|
|Flour||Gluten-free flour (I use Mix It Universal from Schär)|
|Pasta||Gluten-free spaghetti or another kind of pasta|
|Lasagna noodles||Gluten-free lasagna noodles|
|Couscous||Gluten-free couscous (made from corn flour)|
|Cookies||Low FODMAP cookies, such as FODMAP oat cookies or gluten- and lactose-free Oreos*|
|Crackers||Rice cakes (max. 2 per serving), Schär fette croccanti crackers|
*Check to make sure that no high FODMAP ingredients have been added.
As you can see, there are quite a lot of products that you can directly swap for a low FODMAP products. With these low FODMAP swaps, you can easily make a lot of recipes low FODMAP. What are your favourite low FODMAP replacements?
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